Lithium oxide CAS:12057-24-8 Basic information
|Product Name:||Lithium oxide|
|Synonyms:||Lithium Oxide,98.5%;dilithiumoxide;Li2O;Lithium oxide (Li2O);lithiummonoxide;Lithiumoxid;lithiumoxide(li2o);oxydedelithium|
|Product Categories:||Inorganics;Lithium;Metal and Ceramic Science;Oxides;metal oxide|
Lithium oxide CAS:12057-24-8 Chemical Properties
|density:||2.013 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)|
|Water Solubility:||Soluble in water.|
|NIST Chemistry Reference:||Dilithium monoxide(12057-24-8)|
|Sensitive:||Air & Moisture Sensitive|
|CAS DataBase Reference:||12057-24-8(CAS DataBase Reference)|
|EPA Substance Registry System:||Dilithium oxide (12057-24-8)|
|检验项目 Chemical Composition||Li2O||Li2CO3||Na||Fe||Ca||Zn||Mg||Cu||Ni||Si||Cr|
|标 准 值 （%） Standard||≥98.5||≤2.5||≤0.01||≤0.002||≤0.01||≤0.002||≤0.005||≤0.002||≤0.002||≤0.004||≤0.001|
|检验值 （%） Analysis||99.06||0.92||0.0013||0.0009||0.003||0.0005||0.0001||0.0001||0.0001||0.001||0.0001|
|Lithium oxide Usage And Synthesis|
|Chemical Properties||Lithium oxide (Li2O) is one of simplest ionic oxides and it is isoelectronic to H2O. Two lithium atoms will each give one electron to the oxygen atom. forms the ionic bond between lithium and oxygen. The formula for lithium oxide is Li2O.|
Lithium oxide is very corrosive. It reacts with water to make lithium hydroxide. It is toxic because of its strong alkalinity (being a base).
It is a highly insoluble thermally stable Lithium source suitable for glass, optic and ceramic applications. Lithium oxide is a white solid also known as lithia, it is produced when lithium metal burns in the presence of oxygen. Oxide compounds are not conductive to electricity. However, certain perovskite structured oxides are electronically conductive finding application in the cathode of solid oxide fuel cells and oxygen generation systems. They are compounds containing at least one oxygen anion and one metallic cation.
Lithium oxide is used as a flux in ceramic glazes; and creates blues with copper and pinks with cobalt. Lithium oxide reacts with water and steam, forming lithium hydroxide and should be isolated from them. Its usage is also being investigated for non-destructive emission spectroscopy evaluation and degradation monitoring within thermal barrier coating systems. It can be added as a co-dopant with yttria in the zirconia ceramic top coat, without a large decrease in expected service life of the coating.
|Uses||There are no current industrial uses which consume large quantities of lithium oxide.|
Lithium oxide is used as a flux in ceramic glazes; and creates blues with copper and pinks with cobalt. Lithium oxide reacts with water and steam, forming lithium hydroxide and should be isolated from them.Its usage is also being investigated for non-destructive emission spectroscopy evaluation and degradation monitoring within thermal barrier coating systems. It can be added as a co-dopant with yttria in the zirconia ceramic top coat, without a large decrease in expected service life of the coating.
Lithium oxide reacts with water as it dissolves to form a solution of lithium hydroxide.
|Preparation||Lithium oxide is prepared by heating lithium metal in dry oxygen above 100°C:|
4Li + O2→2Li2O
Another method of preparation that yields pure lithium oxide involves thermal decomposition of lithium peroxide:
2Li2O2→2Li2O + O2
Also, the oxide can be produced by heating the pure lithium hydroxide at 800°C in a vacuum:
2LiOH→Li2O + H2O
To the best of our knowledge the chemical, physical and toxicological properties of lithium oxide have not been thoroughly investigated and reported.
|Chemical Properties||finely divided white powder(s) or crusty material; readily absorbs CO2 and H2O from the atmospheric; made by heating LiOH to ~800°C in a vacuum or by thermal decomposition of lithium peroxide; used in ceramics and special glass formulations and in lithium thermal batteries [HAW93] [MER06] [KIR81] [FMC93]|
|Uses||Lithium oxide is a strong alkali that absorbs carbon dioxide and water from the atmosphere. It is used in manufacturing ceramics and special types of glass.|
|Uses||Ceramics and special glass formulations, carbon dioxide absorbent|
|Preparation||Industrial and laboratory preparations. Only small volumes of material are prepared industrially. Both industrial and laboratory preparations require the thermal decomposition of lithium peroxide or of lithium hydroxide.|
Lithium peroxide, Li202 , is converted to lithium oxide, Li20, and oxygen by heating to 450° in a stream of helium gas.
Thermal dehydration of lithium hydroxide is carried out at 675°C±10° under vacuum in a nickel container lined with silver foil.
Lithium carbonate may be converted to lithium oxide and carbon dioxide by heating the material to 700°C under vacuum in a platinum boat.
Industrial uses. There are no current industrial uses which consume large quantities of lithium oxide.
Lithium oxide reacts with water as it dissolves to form a solution of lithium hydroxide. Lithium oxide is a strong base and reacts typically with acidic gases and liquids to form lithium salts. At elevated temperatures, lithium oxide also reacts with many solid nonmetal oxides (Si02, B2O3, etc.) and metal oxides (A1203 , Fe2C>3, etc.). High-temperature reactions are the basis for the fluxing action of lithium oxide, lithium hydroxide and lithium carbonate. Care must be taken to avoid the reaction of lithium oxide with reaction vessels at high temperatures.